The Congress decrees: all power in the localities shall pass to the Soviets of Workers’, Soldiers’ and Peasants’ Deputies, which must guarantee genuine revolutionary order.
Anatoliy Lunacharskiy reads out the appeal "To Workers, Soldiers, and Peasants!" by Vladimir Lenin at the Congress of Soviets.
Menshevik representatives are back at Smolny opposing the arrest of Socialist ministers: "Despite our profound joy that the Provisional Government is under arrest, we are decisively against arresting comrades Maslov and Gvozdev. We suggest introducing a level of restriction different to the ones used by the tsarist regime. It might so happen that Maslov will be held in the same cell where he was put back in the days of Nicholas II."
The Congress of Soviets has resumed the session.
The All-Russian Congress of Soviets takes a 30-minute break.
Internationalist Mensheviks and representatives of the Jewish parties "Bund" and "Poale Zion" leave the Congress.
Left-wing Socialist-Revolutionaries remain at the Congress, but they oppose the Bolshevik resolution.
Bolsheviks introduce a resolution condemning Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries for leaving.
Mass insurrection doesn't need justification. It is an insurrection, not a conspiracy. We've been building up the revolutionary tension of workers and soldiers. We've been openly calling masses for an uprising, not a conspiracy... The masses have been following us, and our insurrection has been victorious. And now we hear: back down, reach an agreement. With who? I am asking you, who should we conclude this agreement with? With those pathetic groups who left the building? But we've seen all of them. No one else in Russia supports them.
Bolshevik representatives at the City Duma joined the Congress of Soviets.
The Menshevik faction proposes that the congress pass a resolution on the need to resolve this crisis peacefully by forming an all-democratic government. To this end, the congress must appoint a delegation to hold discussions with other democratic organisations and all the socialist parties. The Menshevik-Internationalist faction proposes that the work of the congress be suspended until the results of this delegation’s efforts become clear.