Noting with deep sorrow the lamentable developments that have latterly been affecting our defenceless hotbeds of piety, the Local Council appeals to the Supreme Government of the God-protected Russian State with the request that it take measures to afford genuine protection to Orthodox monasteries, safeguarding them from criminal violations by evil individuals not only of the freedom and welfare of the cloisterers, but also of the integrity and prosperity of the monasteries themselves.
Considering it necessary to put an end to the seeming uncertainty about the system of government, having in mind the unanimous and enthusiastic acceptance of the republican idea, which was reflected at the Moscow state assembly, the Provisional government declares that governmental order, ruling the Russian state, is a republican one and proclaims a Russian republic.
The death penalty by shooting is to be established as the maximum penalty for military personnel within the theatre of operations for the following crimes: See more
military or high treason; defection to the enemy; desertion of the field of battle; voluntary desertion of one’s post during battle or evasion of action in battle; instigation, incitement or encouragement to surrender, desertion or evasion of resistance to the enemy; surrender into captivity without resistance; unauthorised absence from patrol in view of the enemy; violence against superiors - both officers and soldiers; refusal to carry out military orders and instructions from superiors; outright mutiny and incitement to mutiny; assault on a sentry or military guard; armed resistance to a guard, wilful murder of a sentry; and also for wilful murder, rape, robbery and theft only within the territory occupied by the army.
Enemy spies will be subject to the same punishment.
Recently we have observed numerous instances of publication of military information in periodicals, the disclosure of which had a detrimental effect on the course of military action, and sometimes directly helped the enemy. In light of this, the Provisional Government, fully realizing its duty to the motherland, considers it necessary to quickly establish new rules of military censorship.
All official-grade metal weapons and firearms as well as military supplies currently in the hands of the residents of Petrograd and its surrounding territories shall be submitted for use by the army. The organization of this arms collection shall fall to the Ministries of War and Internal Affairs.
All those who participated in the organization and leadership of yesterday’s armed demonstration against government authorities and all those who supported and encouraged it are to be arrested and assigned legal responsibility for treason against their homeland and betrayal of the revolution.
Every citizen of the Russian state is guaranteed freedom of conscience. Correspondingly, a citizen’s enjoyment of civil and political rights does not depend on his religious confession, and no one can be persecuted or restricted in any of his rights due to his persuasion in matters of faith.
The politics of accommodating the bourgeoisie, the politics of maneuvering between the revolution and the counterrevolution, is clearly becoming unsustainable. The Provisional Government is decidedly turning toward the path of barefaced counterrevolution. The obligation of the revolutionaries is to band together ever more tightly and to move the revolution forward.
I consider the decree of the committee of delegates to deprive officers of their weapons shameful, to the military command, to the officers, the navy and to myself personally. I believe that neither I nor any other officer has done anything that would cast doubts on their sincerity, or suggest the existence of any motives besides their desire to serve Russia’s armed forces. See more
I nevertheless call on all officers to avoid any potential excesses and voluntarily submit to the demands of the military command and give up their weapons to them.
I give up also my St George saber, which I was awarded for my part in the defense of Port Arthur. As regards the insults afforded me and my officers, I consider it unacceptable to blame the Black Sea Navy which I have been entrusted with, as I am fully aware that the current madness is the result of outside agitators. I consider it harmful to remain at my post commanding the navy and with a clear conscience await the decisions of the government.
As the spokesman for the meaning and will of revolutionary democracy, the coalition Provisional Government must set before itself the tasks of the war and its consequences and the tasks of the planned organization of the national economy and labor, which are the results of the collapsed old regime’s failure. See more
All economic activities for the production, procurement and distribution of products for the army and the population are both monopolized and subject to regulation, and should be concentrated in the supply committee, which includes the Minister of Food, and all those bodies that handle the procurement and distribution of products. It is time to move from anarchic production and private syndicates to work as a national economic organism directed by the state, under its control and even direct leadership. The private entrepreneur and trader should be limited in the extraction of profit and even in the very direction of his private business. For many industries, the time has come for a state trade monopoly ( on bread, meat, salt, and leather), for others the formation of state-run trusts (in coal, oil, metal, sugar, and paper). And, finally, for almost all industries present conditions require state regulation in the distribution of raw materials and produced foodstuffs as well as fixing prices.
The Provisional Government has resolved:
To declare the abdicated Emperor and his consort under arrest and to deliver the former Emperor to Tsarskoe Selo.
Citizens of the Russian state!
A great thing has happened. The powerful surge of the Russian people has deposed the old regime. A new, free Russia was born. The great transformation concludes long years of struggle. The government believes that the spirit of great patriotism that became apparent in the struggle of the people with the old regime, will inspire our valiant soldiers on the battlefield. The government, in its turn, will go to great lengths to equip our army with all that is necessary in order to conclude the war with victory.
Citizens! In our current capacity, the cabinet will adhere to the following principles:
1.Full and immediate amnesty in all cases, religious and political, including terrorist attacks, military revolts and agrarian crimes, and so on. See more
2.Freedom of speech, press, unions, assemblies and strikes, and the expansion of political liberties to all military personnel, to the extent that is allowed by wartime military conditions.
3.Abolition of all class, religious and national distinctions.
4.Immediate preparation for the convocation of a Representative Assembly, based on universal, equal, secret ballot and direct vote, which will determine the form of government and the constitution of the country.
5.Substitution of police with popular police forces, with elected superior officers who will be subordinated to the local government.
6.Elections to local government by universal, free, equal, and secret ballot vote.
7.No disarmament and no withdrawal from Petrograd of military units that took part in the revolutionary movement.
8.While preserving strict military discipline within army ranks and while on military duty, elimination of all restrictions for soldiers on civil rights that were granted to other citizens. The Provisional Government considers it its duty to add that it is not going to use wartime circumstances to delay the implementation of the aforementioned reforms and actions.