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The New York Times

Published since 1851


Project 1917 is a series of events that took place a hundred years ago as described by those involved. It is composed only of diaries, letters, memoirs, newspapers and other documents

Petrograd. German propaganda is busy in Russia. On the Nevsky Prospect, ten minutes from the Winter Palace, little arguing, expostulating assemblies can be found even as late as 3 o’clock in the morning. They are arguing about the war. Questions why Russia should shed blood in a new offensive to fill the pockets of Anglo-French capitalists can be heard. See more

Petrograd. Charles Edward Russell, Socialist and a member of the American Commission, outlined the aims of the United States and the reasons which brought the country into the war before a full council of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Delegates. See more

Washington, D.C. Belgium and Russia united today at the tomb of George Washington in paying homage to the American patriot and to the spirit of liberty and freedom which his memory incarnates. The official diplomatic missions from the Belgian and from the new Russian democracy pledged themselves and their countries to every effort for destruction of autocracy and the safety of democracy. The two missions, accompanied by members of the Cabinet, went down the Potomac on the Presidential yacht Mayflower… The predominance of military uniforms and white civilian dress made a most impressive sight as the gathering formed in a semicircle about the tomb, over which flew the Belgian, Russian, and American flags.

Rear Admiral James H. Glennon, U.S.N., and his staff, returned to Petrograd today from a visit to the Black Sea Fleet at Sevastopol, where the Admiral was the central figure of a remarkable demonstration and was directly instrumental in rousing the mutinous sailors to a sense of their duties and responsibilities.

The mutiny in the fleet had started just before the arrival of the Americans, but it did not affect the cordiality of their reception. Admiral Lukin, who had been elected by the sailors and workmen to displace Admiral Kolchak in command of the Black Sea Fleet, greeted the Americans, as did delegates from the Council of Workmen, Soldiers, and Sailors, who accompanied him. Admiral Glennon and his party were enthusiastically welcomed on board the ships by the sailors, who gave exhibition drills and showed the visitors every courtesy.

After hearing Admiral Glennon the meeting voted, 60 to 3, to restore all the Black Sea Fleet officers with the exception of Admiral Kolchak and his staff, who were distrusted by the sailors. The meeting also voted to support the Provisional Government.

New York. The Novoe Vremya prints a big advertisement from an unnamed American corporation which declares that it has assigned $20,000,000 for the purchase of antiques, pictures,porcelain and tapestry. Maxim Gorky has issued a furious protests, describing the plan as “robbery of our national treasures”. See more

Petrograd. Girls shave heads and train hard to fight. The “Command of Death’, which is the official title of the women’s regiment raised by the twice wounded girl officer Vera Buitchkareff, will  leave in a fortnight for the front, probably for the Minsk sector.

The Associated Press correspondent who visited the barracks in Torgovaya Street found posted at the gate a little blue-eyed sentry in a soldier's khaki blouse, short breeches, green forage cap, and ordinary women’s black stockings. The sentry was Maria Skrydloff, former commander of the Baltic Fleet and Minister of Marine.

Inside there were four large dormitories, the beds without bedding and strewn with soldiers’ heavy overcoats. In the courtyard 300 girls were at drill, mostly between 18 and 25 years old,of good physique, and many of them pretty. They wore their hair short or had their heads entirely shaved. They were drilling under the instruction of a male Sergeant of the Volynsky regiment and marched to an exaggerated goosestep.

Commander Lieut. Buitchkareff explained that most of the recruits were from the higher educational academies or secondary schools, with a few peasants, factory girls, and servants. Some married women were accepted but non who had children.

The gild commander said: “The ordinary soldier’s food is furnished by the guards equipage corps. We rise at 4 and drill daily from 7 to 11 and again from 1 to 6. The girls carry the cavalry carbine, which is five pounds lighter than the regular army rifle. On our first parade I requested any girl whose motives were frivolous to step out. Only one did so, but later many who were unable to stand the privations left us.”

Asked as to the attitude of the male army, Commander Buitchkareff said that only Volynsky regiment, which let the Petrograd revolution, was really favorable.

Petrograd. Declaring the United States was going to fight until the world was made safe for democracy, Elihu Root, the head of the American Mission, made his first public appearance here today. He said Americans had turned from the paths of peace “ungrudgingly and unstintingly, but with action, so that the new republic of Russia may be great with achievement, sided by side with the old republic.” He appealed to Americans for more optimism and greater faith in Russian democracy, such faith as inspired the forefathers when fighting for American liberty. The speech was interpreted sentence by sentence, and aroused the greatest interest.

Washington, D.C. Russia’s diplomatic mission was formally presented today to President Wilson, Vice President Marshall, and Secretaries Lansing and Baker. It completed its official calls of courtesy and cleared the way for conferences with American officials. The mission went shortly after noon to the State Department, where a large number of employees gathered to greet and applaud the visitors. Special Ambassador Boris Bakhmeteff was escorted to Secretary Lansing’s office and to the White House.

Petrograd. Mr. Root interviews Russian journalists every morning, not they him, and the manner in which he eludes direct questions is a model for any young man studying the arts not less than the crafts of diplomacy.

New York. Professor Boris Bakhmeteff, head of the Russian Commission, will have a cordial and elaborate reception when he comes to New York. The party of Socialist Revolutionists, the Russian Social Democratic Party, the Jewish Socialist Party, or “Bund” and other organizations are engaged in the arrangement of this welcome. “There are a million and a half people in the Russian colony in America,” said Mr. Sack, one of the people who are in charge of the preparations. “The colony is made up largely of the Socialist and revolutionist elements that never had anything in common with the Russian Envoys or Ambassadors before the revolution. Now for the first time in history these elements will rise to welcome with the greatest enthusiasm a representative of the Russian Government, a representative who, having been selected by the Coalition Cabinet, is a man in whom they place absolute reliance and trust.”

Washington, D.C. Russia has become the preoccupying question at the State Department with the approach of the Russian Mission to Washington, the beginning of negotiations by the American Commission to Russia in Petrograd, and the continued reiteration of the demand of the Council of Workmen's and Soldiers' Delegates for a statement of allied peace terms. In the shiftings in Russia from day to day, officials find trouble in arriving at the trend of the situation.

Cologne. Germans scoff at Root. The Cologne Gazette comments sarcastically on Reuter’s report that the Root Commission landed safe and sound in a Russian port, arguing that the expression safe and sound would seem to indicate that the journey was somewhat perilous and that the journey through the North Atlantic was fraught with danger owing to submarines. The paper draws the conclusion from the fact that the port was not mentioned and that the deputation took nine days to reach Petrograd that the port must have been Vladivostok.

Washington, D.C. President Wilson today signed the Espionage bill, which was passed by both Houses of Congress without the censorship provision.

A Public Information Committee statement on the new law says: “Department of Justice officials regard to the Espionage act as one of the most important pieces of legislation enacted since the declaration of the state of war, and numerous prosecutions are anticipated under its provisions. For the time being the export control chapter is regarded by the War Trade Committee as the most important portion of the new law. That section of the act will not only prove effective in prompting the success of the war by preventing shipments to the enemy, but it will prove a safeguard against the development of another embarrassing situation in the relations with Mexico, since under it shipments of arms and ammunitions across the border can be absolutely controlled. Another feature of the law which was designed to prevent embarrassing situations from arising in the nation’s foreign relation prevents any other than a duly accredited diplomatic or consular official from serving as an agent of a foreign Government in the United States, unless the individual so serving first gives notice of his position to the Secretary of State.”

Petrograd. The reception of the Root mission by the Russian press has been most curious. Such newspapers as the Novoe Vremya, belonging to the Right, confine themselves to statements made by Mr. Root and publish on the mission, but the Bulletin of the Council of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Delegates has not yet printed one line on the mission, apparently maintaining an attitude of such strict reserve as will not bind them to a definite line of action in the future.

Petrograd. David R. Francis, the American Ambassador, issued to the press a long statement explaining the aims of the American Mission: See more


in Petrograd
in Moscow