On the basis of all the achievements of the October Revolution, and in accordance with the Declaration of the Working and Exploited People adopted at the meeting of the Central Executive Committee of January 16, 1918, all power in the Russian Republic belongs to the Soviets and the Soviet institutions. Accordingly, any attempt by any person or institution whatsoever to usurp any of the functions of state power will be regarded as a counter-revolutionary act. All such attempts will be suppressed by every means at the disposal of the Soviet power, including the use of armed force.
The intelligentsia’s favourite pastime is to put up protests: they’ll occupy a theatre, close a newspaper, destroy a church – protest. It is the true sign of anemia: it means that they didn’t particularly like their newspaper or their church.
At midday another snowstorm started, and it beat until morning. The Germans are agreed on a world which would look like this, which even befuddled our Bolsheviks. They are to take from us Poland, Lithuania, and Courland and, in return for the upkeep of prisoners, a monetary contribution, and our men must purge Galicia and part of Turkey. We are long going to have to bear this German yoke. The war left us a difficult legacy. Food alone is all that now occupies everyone’s minds.
Russia has fallen halfway and started to change its appearance. We saw a ghost instead of our former ally - a ghost very different to anything that had ever existed before. We saw a state without a nation, an army without a country, a religion without a god. The government that's calling itself the new Russia has been born out of the Revolution and feasts on Terror. It backtracked on all commitments that had been made before.
Despairing appeals from Vienna for food supplies. Would I apply at once to Berlin for aid, otherwise disaster imminent. I replied to General Landwehr as follows:
“Dr. Kühlmann is telegraphing to Berlin, but has little hope of success. The only hope now is for His Majesty to do as I have advised, and send an urgent wire at once to Kaiser Wilhelm. On my return I propose to put before His Majesty my point of view, that it is impossible to carry on the foreign policy if the food question at home is allowed to come to such a state as now. Only a few weeks back your Excellency declared most positively that we could hold out till the new harvest.” See more
At the same time I wired the Emperor:
“Telegrams arriving show the situation becoming critical for us. Regarding question of food, we can only avoid collapse on two conditions: first, that Germany helps us temporarily, second, that we use this respite to set in order our machinery of food supply, which is at present beneath contempt, and to gain possession of the stocks still existing in Hungary.
I have just explained the entire situation to Dr. Kühlmann, and he is telegraphing to Berlin. He, however, is not at all sanguine, as Germany is itself in straitened circumstances. I think the only way to secure any success from this step would be for Your Majesty to send at once, through military means, a Hughes telegram to Kaiser Wilhelm direct, urgently entreating him to intervene himself, and by securing us a supply of grain prevent the outbreak of revolution, which would otherwise be inevitable. I must, however, emphatically point out that the commencement of unrest among our people at home will have rendered conclusion of peace here absolutely impossible. As soon as the Russian representatives perceive that we ourselves are on the point of revolution, they will not make peace at all, since their entire speculation is based on this factor.”
Alexis also got the measles, but they were quite mild; Olga and Tatiana themselves feel fine; the latter even got up. All day it snowed. The detached committee of the infantry today decided to take off their shoulder straps so that they would not have to endure insults and attacks while in the village. Incomprehensible!