The autocratic tsarist power, which distorted our church life, fell, and the Church was freed from this idol. But the “kingdom of Caesar” continues to exist in new forms. An idol can be created from democracy, from socialism, from the people themselves, and the church life can fall into slavery to these new idols. The free Church must be free not only from the old state, the kingdom of the autocracy. but also from the new state, from the kingdom of democracy.
While it may be conceded that the class struggle is necessary, it can never be said to be a Christian truth or religious good. Christianity sees a higher truth in the giving away of one’s riches to one’s neighbours, but never in the taking of one’s neighbours riches. See more
Christianity can never believe that God’s Kingdom can be attained by following the earthly paths of materialism, nor that forced virtue and forced brotherhood are either possible or desirable.
The Russian revolution cannot but affect the whole of Europe; it will stir up the peoples of Europe and cause their stagnant blood to circulate more quickly. But heaven forbid the example we set for European peoples from becoming one of anarchy and spontaneous decay.
The Kingdom of God and the kingdom of Caesar, set apart by Christ, became intermingled in Rus': “the things that are God’s” were substituted for the “things that are Caesar’s”, and it was unto “Caesar” that “God’s things” were rendered. See more
But any creation of an idol or earthly likeness leads to enslavement, to a deprivation of freedom. Ever since the imperial power of the autocracy was transformed into an idol, not only in the worldly sphere of the state, but also in that of the church and religion, the Russian Church lost its freedom, and fell into slavery. The official Russian Church metamorphosed into a government department, into a ministry of the Orthodox confession. During the final years of Nicholas II’s reign, this abasement and enslavement of the Church reached unprecedented levels.