We consider chauvinist-revolutionaries to be those who want victory over Tsarism in order to be victorious over Germany, to pillage other countries, to consolidate the rule of the Russian people over the other Russian territories, etc. The foundation of revolutionary chauvinism is rooted in the position of the petty bourgeoisie. It has always fluctuated between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
Now it fluctuates between chauvinism (which prevents it from being consistently revolutionary, even in the sense of a democratic revolution) and proletarian internationalism. Our slogan is against chauvinists, at least revolutionaries and republicans; against them, and in favor of uniting the proletariat around the world for the socialist revolution.
It’s incredibly infuriating that spring only comes around once a year.
Pay attention to Kerensky’s absence from the council and from the advertisements created by the bourgeois press in his name: is the press using Kerensky in the interests of Russian Bonapartism? And what is Kerensky himself doing? He makes these great speeches while at the same time allowing the commander-in-chief Alexeev to deal the Provisional Government a slap in the face by declaring the utopian slogan “without annexation and indemnities”.
I sympathise with socialism, under the condition that it does not adopt the oppressive methods of the classes with which it fights, and does not violate the freedom of the individual.
I received a postcard from Ai-Topor from Mum.
In a view of the approaching visit of the American delegation to Russia to express the deep friendship of the American people for the people of Russia and to discuss the best and most practical means of cooperation between the two peoples in carrying the present struggle for the freedom of all peoples to a successful consummation, it seems opportune and appropriate that I should state again, in the light of this new partnership, the objects the United States has had in mind in entering the war. See more
Those objects have been very much beclouded during the past few weeks by mistaken and misleading statements, and the issues at stake are too momentous, too tremendous, too significant for the whole human race to permit any misinterpretations or misunderstandings, however slight, to remain uncorrected for a moment.
The war has begun to go against Germany, and in their desperate desire to escape the inevitable ultimate defeat those who are in authority in Germany are using every possible instrumentality, are making the use even of the influence of groups and parties among their own subjects to whom they have never been just or fair or even tolerant, to promote a propaganda on both sides of the sea which will preserve for them their influence at home and their power abroad, to the undoing of the very men they are using.
The position of America in this war is so clearly avowed that no man can be excused for mistaking it. She seeks no material profit or aggrandizement of any kind. She is fighting for no advantage or selfish object of her own, but for the liberation of peoples everywhere from the aggressions of autocratic force. The ruling classes in Germany have begun of late to profess a like liberality and justice of purpose, but only to preserve the power they have set up in Germany and the selfish advantages which they have wrongly gained for themselves and their private projects of power all the way from Berlin to Baghdad and beyond. Government after government has by their influence, without open conquest of its territory, been linked together in a net of intrigue directed against nothing less than the peace and liberty of the world. The meshes of that intrigue must be broken, but cannot be broken unless wrongs already done are undone; and adequate measures must be taken to prevent it from ever again being rewoven or repaired.
Of course, the Imperial German Government and those whom it is using for their own undoing are seeking to obtain pledges that the will end in the restoration of the status quo ante. It was the status quo ante out of which this iniquitous was issued forth, the power of the Imperial German Government within the Empire and its widespread domination and influence outside of that Empire. That status must be altered in such fashion as to prevent any such hideous thing from ever happening again.
We are fighting for the liberty, the self-government, and the undictated development of all peoples, and every feature of the settlement that concludes this war must be conceived and executed for that purpose. Wrongs must be first be righted, and then adequate safeguards must be created to prevent their being committed again. We ought not to consider remedies merely because they have a pleasing and sonorous sound. Practical questions can be settled only by practical means. Phrases will not accomplish the result. Effective readjustments will; and whatever readjustments are necessary must be made.
But they must follow a principle, and that principle is plain. No people must be forced under sovereignty under which it does not wish to live. No territory must change hands except for the purpose of securing those who inhabit it a fair chance of life and liberty. No indemnities must be insisted on except those that constitute payment for manifest wrongs done. No readjustments of power must be made except such as will tend to secure the future peace of the world and the future welfare and happiness of its peoples.
And then the free peoples of the world must draw together in some common covenant, some genuine and practical cooperation that will in effect combine their forces to secure peace and justice in the dealings of nations with one another. The brotherhood of mankind must no longer be a fair but empty phrase; it must be given a structure of force and reality. The nations must realize their common life and effect a workable partnership to secure that life against the aggressions of autocratic and self-pleasing power.
For these things we can afford to pour out blood and treasure. For these are the things we have always professed to desire, and unless we pour out blood and treasure now and succeed, we may never be able to unite or show conquering force again in the great cause of human liberty. Of the forces of autocracy can divide us they will overcome us: if we stand together, victory is certain and the liberty which victory will secure. We can afford then to be generous, but we cannot afford then or now to be weak or omit any single guarantee of justice and security.
Colonel D came to see me yesterday at the Embassy. I had known him when he was in charge of the Armoured Car Section of the 1st Army in the retreat from Poland in 1915. After the Revolution his Section was placed in the trenches between the 120th Division of the XXXVIIth Corps and the XVth Corps. The 120th Division had always been bad and had corrupted the neighbouring units of the XVth Corps. See more
When D’s men fired at the Germans, they were fired on by the men of the 120th Division and one man was killed and two wounded. The 120th Division fired volleys at its own battery, but as the battery was 2,000 yards distant, caused no casualties. The men of the Division went over to the German trenches and pointed out the position of the battery, so that the German gunners fired at it all day.
The Armoured Car Section was sent to Pernau to quell a mutiny in one of the regiments of the 135th Division. The men of the regiment had come to their Colonel and had demanded that he should take off his shoulder- straps “ as a mark of sympathy to their brothers of the Baltic Fleet.” He said : “ Be sensible, brothers, how can I do such a thing ? ” They urged : “ Shoulder-straps are a sign of the old regime We ask you to remove them.” He said he could not do so. “ We order you to remove them ! ” “I won’t.” “ Well, take that! ” and they murdered him.
A long article in to-day’s Pravda, by Kamenev, whose real name is Rosenfeldt, points out that the adoption by the Provisional Government of the formula “ Peace without annexations ” is a pretence unless accompanied by action leading to the withdrawal of all troops from occupied territory by all the powers at war. England must withdraw her forces from India, Egypt and Ireland!
If, as my critics would have people believe, I really was responsible for th^ revolution, I can only say that my services were very ill-requited, for only a couple of months after its consummation I was categorically disavowed by the official organ of the Council of Work- men's and Soldiers' Delegates. In an article published on May 26, 1917, that journal stated: See more
"In the early days of the Revolution the great change was regarded by many as the triumph of the War Party. From this point of view the Russian Revolution was said to be due to the intrigues of England, and the British Ambas- sador was named as the source of its inspiration. But neither by sentiment nor inclination is Sir George Buchanan guilty of the triumph of freedom in Russia."
It was a nice sunny day, with a cool breeze. I took a walk for an hour with Alexis. During the day, we worked in the garden. I watched as they brought the canoe and the boat to our pond. Tatiana and Alexis helped, and we went for a boat ride. At 6:30 we went to vespers. During the evening I read the book Le parfum de la dame en noir, which I had started the 11th of May.