Affirmation of Permanent Sobriety
The Provisional Government declares it to be necessary that, in view of its Affirmation of Permanent Sobriety, special rules must be instated for the liquidation of vodka products and other spirits stored in vodka factories and commercial establishments.
These rules provide for the processing of vodka products and other spirits into vinegar and other edible acids in vinegar departments specially built for this purpose within the vodka factories.
On the very first days of the official receptions, after exchanging visits, I clarified that the plan regarding the American naval offensive in the Mediterranean Sea had been abandoned. See more
Executing the plan was impossible, for American troops were being transferred to the French front; and, launching a new expedition on Turkey, in the Dardanelles, would be completely impossible, even though military circles were saying that it would have major significance, since capturing Constantinople and taking Turkey from the coalition would mark the beginning of the end of the whole war. Nevertheless, carrying this out was impossible, since the whole transport system was busy transferring troops to the French Front.
With news of the revolution having reached Paris, a number of Russian newspapers appeared of the most extreme nature. The newspapers, as well as individuals who emigrated, having gained access to the mass of soldiers, fed them with Bolshevik Leninist-Makhaev propaganda, at times even giving false information, drawn from fragmentary telegrams in French newspapers. See more
In the absence of any official news or command, all this caused unrest among the soldiers. The latter desired an immediate return to Russia and expressed indiscriminate hostility towards the officers. On the 1st of July, as per the will of the soldiers, the troops were gathered from their various towns to the La Curtin camp. The rallies began here, in which the first regiment and its leaders sought to seize a leading role.
One day I was walking up and down in front of the house, the officer on duty who was walking behind me and who had seemed until then not to notice me, murmured to me as he passed: See more
"I am for the Grand Duke and you for life. Don't reply! " he added quickly, seeing a soldier approach.
Thus these young men of culture and education trembled before the country louts whom they had under their command. . . . Was this a possible condition of things? Was it not bound to end in disaster?
The end of the Women's Battalion
An appalling event took place in the last few days in the Women's Battalion of death. Women volunteers beat up the inaugurator of the Women's Battalion of death, warrant officer Bochkareva, who had delivered a series of reprimands to the volunteers. See more
As a result, a neighbouring regiment had to be called to put a stop to the disorders. So, as you may have heard, the battalion is going to be disbanded in the next few days. 250 people from it are going to be sent to the acting army as reinforcements for the Women's battalion; the remainder will be dismissed and sent home.
I was well aware of the interrelationship between Kerensky and KornilovCommander in Chief of the Petrograd command - from 18 March 1917 long before their definitive falling out. A group of pro-Kornilov technicians were in full opposition to Kerensky's government, which they blamed for the rapid collapse of Russia. Kerenskii, for his part, described Kornilov and his supporters as state enemies. See more
After the July events, new forces were created for defense against Bolsheviks, but instead of uniting before a common enemy, the army of patriots split into three camps. The Bolsheviks were beside themselves with joy. What more could they ask for from fate?