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Project 1917 is a series of events that took place a hundred years ago as described by those involved. It is composed only of diaries, letters, memoirs, newspapers and other documents

On July 31st General Brusilov was removed from his position as Supreme Commander-in-Chief and was replaced by General KornilovCommander in Chief of the Petrograd command - from 18 March 1917, who, however, did not assume control till August 5th. General Radko Dimitriev resigned command of the 12th Army, nominally on grounds of ill-health, but really because he had at last found that even his concessions were unable to keep pace with the growing demands of the men. He was succeeded by General Parski. See more

On July 29th Kerensky presided at a conference at G.H.Q., which was also attended by Tereshchenko and General Alexyeev; by General Brusilov and his Chief of Staff, General Lukhomski; by Generals Ruzski and Klembovski, former and present Com- manders-in-Chief of the Northern Front; by General Denikin, then Commander-in-Chief of the Western Front; and by Savinkov, Commissary of the South-West Front. See more

Once again, this morning, cars full of armed men at the ready, with fixed bayonets. From 2.30 to 3, there was heavy shooting on Nevsky Prospect and Liteiny Prospect. Apparently, the crowd was forcibly dispersed in front of the Tauride Palace.

The Russian offensive has surged back. Brusilov claims that the Russian army will be unable to survive the winter due to the complete state of chaos within the country and because of desertion – which will be the subject of a speech to the Constituent Assembly. See more

I'm no prophet. I am only doing my duty, and the rest is not from us. But I hope that everything will work out well.

The mood at Headquarters is serious. The new High Commanding General Brusilov, immediately adopted a more than unseemly and ingratiating tone with the Mogilyov Soviet of Workers and Soldiers. Under General Alekseev, this Soviet acted cautiously and never chose to openly present any demands to Headquarters. See more

Let God’s Will reign over Russia. Victory over the enemy would have saved her… I require nothing, I seek no glory for myself, but Russia must be saved. Without victory, this is almost impossible, and in the case of defeat, she may well fall to pieces, fall into full-blown anarchy.

I am not afraid of responsibility at all, I don’t have personal goals and I don’t seek fame; I have only one goal, which I want to achieve with all my soul – to save Russia from collapse, which will be unavoidable should we lose the war... I have a deep-rooted belief that we will be victorious and we will emerge from this titanic war with honour... Everything will be fine... I think.

My course of action as well as General Alekseyev’s did not correspond with the views of the Provisional Government, and a collaboration with General Brusilov was unthinkable in view of the total divide between our views… Brusilov and I lived through many trying but, more importantly, joyful days of military happiness together—unforgettable days, and now it has become difficult for me to speak with him, with this different Brusilov, who has so improvidently lost not only for himself (that’s unimportant), but also for the army, all the former charm of his name. See more

The new commander was given a particularly dry and cold welcome at Mogilev. Stern faces, bureaucratic phrases. The first steps taken by Brusilov were small but revealing episodes which yet further darkened our mood. See more

I spent the next week with the left army of the group, the 8th, in Bukovina. General Kaledin had proved too honest to give way to all the demands of the army committee and had been in consequence removed by General Brusilov. See more

has been appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Russian army

A telegram came in the night announcing the dismissal of General Alekseyev from his post, with an appointment at the disposal of the Provisional Government, and his replacement with General Brusilov. The commander-in-chief, who was asleep, was woken by the quartermaster general and handed the telegram. See more

I arrived at Кamenets-Podolsk on Sunday, June 3rd, and spent a month in the nth, 7th and 8th Armies. General Brusilov was promoted to succeed General Alexyeev as Supreme Commander-in-Chief, and left the South-West Front for his new post on June 6th, with three princes, his personal Staff. French officers considered it a fatal mistake to remove the only man who might have induced the troops to attack just as the hour tor the final effort arrived. See more

Soldiers, officers, generals and officials of the Southern-Western Army during a meeting decided to bring to the attention of the Provisional Government their deep conviction that the first capital of the Russian land should be the place of convocation of the Constituent Assembly. Moscow is consecrated in the people’s consciousness through the most important acts of our national history; Moscow is originally Russian and infinitely dear to the Russian heart. See more

I received a fine letter from my darling wife yesterday - uplifting and comforting. My boys are carrying themselves with dignity: the elder refuses point blank to wear a red ribbon, and the younger objected to the removal of the Tsar’s portrait. In a word, they are accounting for themselves with more nobility and discipline than your Ruzskys, Bursilovs, Voyeikovs or most of the grand dukes.

Age: 64
Rank: General of the Cavalry, General-adjutant
Job: Сommander-in-Chief of the South-western Front
Job: Supreme Commander-in-Chief (from 4 June 1917)

Today:

-7
in Petrograd
-2
in Moscow