There are many different rumours going round. They say that the a cruiser, the Aurora, fired a thousand shells into the Winter Palace, destroying it completely and burying its defenders, an entire battalion of women soldiers. My colleagues, oblivious to the events, continue to bury their heads in the Novgorod Registers.
Our study is better than it had been at university. I spent the evening reading at home. At four in the morning a loud gun battle commenced, which continued until half four. Sporadic outbursts continued throughout the night, and I could not get back to sleep. So the fighting has come to Moscow! The shots so deafeningly split the silence of the night that I could not pinpoint where they were coming from.
The election of the new Tsay-ee-kahThe Central Committee of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party, the new parliament of the Russian Republic, took barely fifteen minutes. Trotsky announced its composition: 100 members, of which 70 Bolsheviks… As for the peasants, and the seceding factions, places were to be reserved for them. “We welcome into the Government all parties and groups which will adopt our programme,” ended Trotsky. See more
And thereupon the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets was dissolved so that the members might hurry to their homes in the four corners of Russia and tell of the great happenings…
Lenin seized power in Russia and promised to start peace negotiations at once.
Following the news out of Russia, we must prepare for the worst. Only the politician who leads a country without allies knows true loneliness. We must be prepared to come to terms with this idea. The British Empire and the United States help us considerably, but we must fight as if we were alone.
A message to all the honest citizens of the city of Petrograd from the crew of the cruiser “Aurora” which strongly objects to the accusations that have been levelled at it, unverified accusations, moreover, which have cast a blot of shame on the ship’s crew. See more
We declare that we have come not to destroy the Winter Palace, or to kill ordinary civilians, but to defend freedom and revolution against the counter-revolutionaries and to sacrifice our lives in the process, if necessary. There are reports in the press that the “Aurora” opened fire on the Winter Palace, but are the gentlemen of the press aware that if the “Aurora” were to open fire from her guns, not a stone of the palace, nor of the streets round about, would be left standing? And is that the case now? We appeal to you, workers and soldiers of Petrograd! Do not believe inflammatory rumours that say we are traitors and pogrom-mongers, but verify these rumours. As for the shots fired from the cruiser, the only shot was a blank round, fired from a 6-inch gun, a designated signal to all the ships at anchor on the Neva, calling on them to show vigilance and to preparedness. We ask all newspaper editorials to print this announcement.
Performances are canceled in the Mariinsky theatre.
In order to make our forced retreat from Bykhov a little easier, particularly as we may have to march on foot with the Turkmen, steps are being taken to gradually release the arrested officers. See more
We have received assistance in this regard from General Headquarters, and from the Investigative Committee. Kornilov had already on numerous occasions asked Dukhonin to intercede with Kerensky and Shablovsky to secure the rapid release from Bykhov of the many officers whose “perceived participation in the affair and continued detention can only be the result of countless misunderstandings”.
It's the same feeling of occupation. Socialist anti-Bolshevik newspapers are under censorship, apart from "Novaya zhizn'," others are prohibited. The editorial staff of "Izvestiya" are fired, the paper is now supervised by Bolshevik Zinoviev. See more
All "democrats," all those who distanced themselves from Bolsheviks and left the Congress of Soviets are now gathered in the Duma. The Duma published an anti-revolt issue of "Soldatsky golos." The Nevsky Prospect is crowded, everyone is stunned.
Near the Admiralty Gates, we got into a car and set off across the Menagerie and past the Gatchina Palace, and saw weapons taken from units leaving Petrograd being brought in. The Cossacks had also disarmed the sailors who had been occupying the Warsaw Station, and besides rifles, they had ten machine guns. See more
All the bourgeois papers have been closed. Today Cossack units with artillery were arriving in Gatchina via the Warsaw railway. General Krasnov is in command of the troops massed outside the city. He and his staff are at the palace; Kerensky and Kozmin are there too. We found out that at 2 o’ clock at night, a detachment is leaving for Tsarskoe Selo, where fighting is expected, and later will go on to Petrograd. The Bolsheviks are starting to feel bad.
I was in town today. Everywhere is indifference - “rubbish, they’ve been saying that for ages”. A couple of soldiers told me that it is to begin at seven. At five I went to the Teleshovs. See more
A priest led a procession bearing an icon past the tram. On the corner of Prechistenka, some old women - “the Bolsheviks fired at the icon”. We got back safe after the Teleshovs’, although it seemed like the gunfire had already begun.
Aksentieff, the president of the Provisional Council, who came to see me today, assured me that, though the Bolsheviks had succeeded in overthrowing the Government owing to the latter's criminal want of foresight, they would not hold out many days. At last night's meeting of the Congress of All Russian Soviets, they had found themselves completely isolated, as all the other Socialist groups had denounced their methods and had refused to take any further part in the proceedings. See more
The Council of Peasants had also pronounced against them. The Municipal Council, he went on to say, was forming a Committee of Public Safety composed of representatives of the Provisional Council, the Central Committee of the Soviet, the Peasants' Council, and the Committee of Delegates from the front ; while the troops, which were expected from Pskov, would probably arrive in a couple of days. I told him that I did not share his confidence.
I received today the following reply from Mr. Balfour to my telegram informing him that I was remaining on at Petrograd :
"I appreciate your intention to remain at your post and wish to give you once more an assurance of the sympathy of His Majesty's Government and of their complete confidence in your discretion and judgment. You have, of course, full discretion to leave for Moscow or any other place, should you think it desirable to do so, and you should pay special attention to your own personal safety."