A heavy burden has been placed on me by the will of my brother, who has transferred to me the Imperial Throne of all the Russias, at this time of unprecedented hostilities and civil disturbances.
Inspired, as are all our people, by the thought that the welfare of Russia must come above all else, I am firmly resolved to assume supreme power only if such is the will of our great people, who must now by universal suffrage and through their representatives in the Constituent Assembly establish a form of government and new fundamental laws for the Russian State.
Therefore, invoking the benediction of God, I call on all citizens of the Russian State to obey the Provisional Government, set up on the initiative of the State Duma and invested with full power, until such a time as a Constituent Assembly, summoned in the shortest possible delay on the basis of universal, fair, equal and secret elections, shall by its decision of a form of government, express the will of the people.
What is now happening in Russia will go down in history forever as one of its greatest events. Our grandsons and great-grandsons will speak of these days as of the beginning of a new era in the history of humanity.
Beloved, soul of my soul, my own wee one, ah, how my heart bleeding for you. Love, my Love – it will go well, it must and I don’t waver in my faith. Sweet Angel, oh, me loves you so -- always together, night and day – I feel what you are going through -- and your poor heart. God have mercy, give you strength and wisdom. He won't forsake you. He will help, recompense this mad suffering and separation at such a time when one needs being together. See more
Pavel just came -- told me all. I fully understand your action -- my own hero! I know you could not sign against what you swore at your coronation -- we know each other through and through and need no words - and, as I live, we shall see you back upon your throne, brought back by your people and troops to the glory of your reign.
You have saved your son’s reign and the country and your saintly purity and (Judas Ruzsky) you will be crowned by God on this earth in your country. I hold you tight, tight in my arms and will never let them touch your shining soul. I kiss, kiss, kiss and bless you and always understand you.
I have never witnessed – and, in all likelihood, will never witness again – a degree of moral forbearance as great as that exhibited by Her Majesty and her children. “You know, Anya,” said the Empress, “it’s all over for Russia now that the Emperor has abdicated, but we must condemn neither the Russian people nor the troops: the blame does not lie with them.” The Empress knew only too well who was responsible for this atrocity.
So, the matter with Michael Alexandrovich [Nicholas II’s youngest brother] has been settled. As he was leaving, Kerensky gave the Grand Duke a firm handshake and said “you are a noble man”.
Citizens! In our current capacity, the cabinet will adhere to the following principles:
1.Full and immediate amnesty in all cases, religious and political, including terrorist attacks, military revolts and agrarian crimes, and so on. See more
2.Freedom of speech, press, unions, assemblies and strikes, and the expansion of political liberties to all military personnel, to the extent that is allowed by wartime military conditions.
3.Abolition of all class, religious and national distinctions.
4.Immediate preparation for the convocation of a Representative Assembly, based on universal, equal, secret ballot and direct vote, which will determine the form of government and the constitution of the country.
5.Substitution of police with popular police forces, with elected superior officers who will be subordinated to the local government.
6.Elections to local government by universal, free, equal, and secret ballot vote.
7.No disarmament and no withdrawal from Petrograd of military units that took part in the revolutionary movement.
8.While preserving strict military discipline within army ranks and while on military duty, elimination of all restrictions for soldiers on civil rights that were granted to other citizens. The Provisional Government considers it its duty to add that it is not going to use wartime circumstances to delay the implementation of the aforementioned reforms and actions.
Slept long and deeply. Awoke far beyond Dvinsk. The day was sunny and frost. Talked with my people about yesterday. Read a lot about Julius Caesar. At 8.20 I arrived in Mogilev. All the staff of headquarters were on the platform. I received Alexeev in the compartment. By 9.30 I managed to get over to the house. Alexeev arrived with the latest news from Rodzianko. See more
It appears Misha has abdicated. His manifesto finishes with something about elections for a Constituent Assembly. God knows, who advised him to sign some thing so vile! In Petrograd the disturbances have ceased - may it continue that way.
Dear A. M.,
We have just received the second set of government telegrams about the revolution of March in Petrograd. A week of bloody battles by the workers—and Milyukov + Guchkov + Kerensky in power!! On the “old” European pattern.... See more
Well, what of it! This “first stage of the first revolution (among those engendered by the war)” will not be the last, nor will it be only Russian. Of course, we shall continue to be against defence of the fatherland, against the imperialist slaughter controlled by Shingaryov + Kerensky and Co.
All our watchwords remain the same. In the last issue of Sotsial-Demokrat we actually spoke of the possibility of a government “of Milyukov and Guchkov, if not of Milyukov and Kerensky”. It turned out that it was both... and: all three together. Lovely! We shall see how the party of people’s freedom (after all, it’s in a majority in the new ministry, since Konovalov is even just a little “more Left”, while Kerensky is certainly more Left!) will give the people freedom, bread and peace.... We shall see!
The main thing now is the press and the organisation of the workers in a revolutionary Social-Democratic party.
All the best,
The staff officers continue to guzzle and gobble – mindlessly and uncontrollably; how insignificant their spiritual baggage, and how mighty their bellies! Which side would these heroes support in the event of a coup? Whichever one seems physically strong in their eyes, of course – and whichever one happens to be personally expedient for them to back!
Moses proved the truth with his simple laws, Christ proved the truth of his teaching, but their truths remained unproven, because they still are not understood.
On the second day we heard the worst news we could imagine: the Tsar had abdicated! It seemed so extraordinary that we could scarcely believe it. It was not, it could not be, true! Why should the Tsar have abdicated? What purpose had he in doing so? See more
This was followed by a second overwhelming piece of news: the Grand Duke Michel Alexandrovitch was also resigning! A provisional Government had taken over. One by one the institutions of state were crumbling. And Petrograd was a nightmare world of arrests, the assassination of officers in the streets, arson, pillage . . .