Citizens of the Ukrainian Land!
Representatives of the Provisional Government have informed us of the specific measures which the government proposes to introduce, before the convening of the Constituent Assembly, regarding the administration of Ukraine. The Provisional Government, which stands to serve the freedoms won by the revolutionary people, acknowledges the right of each people to self-determination and, designating the definitive establishment of the form this will take to the Constituent Assembly, it holds out its hand to the representatives of the Ukrainian democracy – the Central Rada – and calls on it to create, in agreement with the government, a new life for Ukraine that will benefit the whole of revolutionary Russia.
We, the central Rada, always in support of keeping Ukraine and Russia together, in order to strive, together with all her peoples, for the development and wellbeing of all Russia, and the unity of her democratic forces, are delighted to accept the appeal to unity.
Near Kalush, which was taken by the 8th Army, our soldiers got drunk as pigs on spirits stored in warehouses. It seems likely that there, too, the troops will end up retreating back to their “initial position”! How is it that the Germans have never thought of rolling out barrels of vodka instead of firing missiles? See more
To use drunkenness would be a reliable method of bloodless destruction. There have also been two cases of Asiatic cholera among our corps. Our savages have been eating their fill of still unripe apples and pears, ruthlessly breaking the fruit trees.
We have propounded the slogan “Peace for the Whole World”, and Ukraine and Finland have grown up right beneath our noses. We didn’t want to fight the Germans, but we are fighting one another. The socialists have tempted the people with unfeasible unions.
Due to the crisis worker section considers it necessary to insist that the All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies assumes all power.
The mug of the city has changed quickly. Private cars have disappeared, armored cars and trucks started rushing by, filled with armed workers and soldiers. Once in a while, in various locations, fire fights broke out, shots would crackle from different directions. See more
The large crowd, filling the Nevsky Prospect would suddenly scurry and hastily rush away, almost knocking down those walking towards them.
Once in a while large squadrons would appear, walking somewhere with red flags and posters with the aforementioned messages. The days were glorious and hot, the sun was shining—a drastic contrast between the life of nature and the alarming, excited impressions from everything that was happening.
It was a warm, windy and cloudy day; but it only rained during dinner. During the morning I walked, and during the day we cut down a large pine tree by the railing. All four children got haircuts, and they look as if they belong in a choir.
I returned to Petrograd and dined at the Contan, where it is elegant and lively and, despite the food crisis, you can eat quite well. True, the prices are insane, but the value of money gets cheaper every day, so why save it? As we walked through the streets in the evening, we witnessed unexpected events: the streets were noisy, armed soldiers marched, crowds carried posters with "Down with the capitalist ministers," private cars were stopped right before our eyes, owners were asked to get out, and machine guns were installed instead. In a word, as if by magic, the streets were instantly transformed into the first days of the revolution. See more
The Bolsheviks, Kronstadt sailors, workers and some military units began to protest against the Provisional Government.
We had just left the club as the shooting began on Nevsky. The club locked the front door and lowered the window blinds. Only ardent gamblers stayed their tables and continued to bet thousands on cards. As soon as the shots died down—there weren’t many of them and they say they were a provocation,--I decided, using the calm and the darkness, to go home. Actually, you only got caught in the skirmish on Nevsky, and only near government buildings. It was quiet on other streets and there was no cause for shooting. And as soon as I turned off Nevsky, I felt quite at ease.
About 9 p.m. the 1st Machine-Gun Regiment, with Semashko at its head, the Grenaderski Depot Battalion, and about 1,000 men of the Moskovski Depot Battalion, marched south across the Troitski bridge and past the British Embassy, accompanied by large crowds of armed workmen. See more
They seized all the automobiles on the streets and armed them with machine-guns, men with fixed bayonets as usual lying along the splashboards to impress onlookers. The demonstration was joined by part of the Pavlovski Battalion, by the 1st, 3rd, 176th and 180th Depot Regiments, the 6th Depot Engineer Battalion and the 89th and 90th Drujini of Opolchenie.
The more respectable members of the "Militia", who had been masquerading as police since March, drawing as much pay per diem as the police who had protected life and property under the old regime drew in a whole month, went home; the others joined the rioters.
The crowd separated into two groups, one going west to the Marinski Palace where the Ministry usually met, the other east to the Duma. Banners proclaimed: "Down with the Ten Capitalist Ministers", and "All power to the Soviet", mottoes that showed little power of imagination, for several of the "capitalist ministers" had resigned a few hours before, and the Executive Committee of the Soviet had repeatedly stated that it was working in complete harmony with the Provisional Government and had no wish to usurp its powers.
There is nothing more horrible than a decaying war, a decaying army, and a multi-million army at that. The decay of the war and the army creates chaos and anarchy. Russia faces this type of chaos and anarchy.
They took all the passengers off of the trams passengers and the cars are full of armed soldiers driving around the streets. There are the slogans: "Down with the Provisional Government!" and "Down with the Ten ministers." They tried to compel the Pavlovsky regiment to go against the Provisional Government, but they didn’t. From our windows, however, the street looks quite calm. But as I was sitting alone in my bedroom and skimming last summer’s diary, in the distance, from the Neva side, there was a very strong exchange of machine gun fire. It started 14 minutes before 12 o'clock. And ended exactly at midnight. After this, military music was rang out twice, the second time - before ten o'clock. Later I learned that it was the Finnish regiment. It was terrible to hear these sounds.
Especially nauseating was the loathsome feeling of personal and general hopeless impotence.
Our responsibility—to protect the unity and integrity of the Russian revolution. He who thinks that he, walking out, armed, into the street, is walking with us—has been misled. We have to say that these types of demonstrations are not walking hand in hand with the revolution, but rather with counter-revolution. See more
We have to say that the outcome of revolutionary democracy cannot be dictated with bayonets. And we have to call on all those faithful to the task of the revolution to rally in defense of the plenipotentiary agency of democracy and in defense of the task of the revolution.
When I was leaving the capital, trucks began flashing by on Petrograd streets, full of unknown armed people. Some were driving around the barracks, calling soldiers to join the armed revolt that was expected at any moment. One gang infiltrated the yard of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and broke into the first floor, where the office of Duke Lvov was located, which I have just left. See more
As soon as my train left the station, a truck drove up under a red flag that said, “First bullet—for Kerensky.”